The following history is extracted from the National Register history dated 1982.
The Flemington Church and Flemington Society is informally known as one of the “three daughters” of the Midway Society, Midway, Georgia, Because malaria was prevalent in the low swamp lands in the Midway Section, the plantation owners began establishing summer homes in what they termed the pine-lands. These little summer villages were called “Retreats”. In 1815 Mr, William Fleming wishing to establish a summer home and at the same time enjoy the society of his friends, surveyed a tract of vacant land and laid out lots. After selecting one for himself, he gave the remainder to some of his friends, thereby establishing a retreat known as Gravel Hill. By the 1850’s the settlement had become more permanent and was renamed Flemington for its founder. It was during this time that the present meeting house was completed in 1853.
The exact date of the organization of the church and Society of Gravel Hill is not known. The earliest record found to date is the Record Book of the Church and Society of Gravel Hill, a small bound volume containing minutes of the annual meetings and other data. The first entry is “subscription for building the Church on Gravel Hill” 1832. Four acres of land were given by Simon Fraser, A frame building was constructed and used for twenty years. The organization was patterned after the Midway Church and Society. Members attended services at Midway monthly or as often as possible.
Originally organized after 1815 as a Congregationalist Church, it became Presbyterian in 1866 after the congregation suffered through the Civil War and decided to no longer be associated with the Midway Society ten miles away. The changing of faiths of a congregation is quite unusual, especially in the Deep South and after being in existence for nearly half a century. Congregationalists were a rare faith in Georgia, where as Presbyterians were a more well-known faith even if only the third most populous and then less than 10% of the religious population in Georgia.
As you will see from the photos below, Flemington Presbyterian is a wonderful example of historic preservation,and the love of the congregations over the years that have passed it along from one generation to another. She is a very significant contribution to our coastal Georgia history. We are so grateful for this gift. To read the complete National Register history document, click here. For additional history regarding the church click here.